Do you need a Sump Pump

sumperIf your basement, crawl space or garage has a problem with water coming into the  area then you probably will benefit from the use of a sump pump.  A sump pump sits in a pit. When the ground water level reaches a certain height a float switch on the pump is tripped and the pump will shoot the water up a discharge pipe and out thus eliminating a flooding problem in your living area.

Most sump pumps come with either a cast iron or plastic housing.  The cast iron units have a longer life.  The material has been treated so it will not corrode from the water.  You can purchase sump pumps that turn themselves on automatically or you can purchase pumps that you have to turn on.  Of course, the pump that turns on automatically is more convenient.  Your pump should be raised in the pit so the mud does not get into the pump so easily.  Your pump should have a no screen design for intake so it does not clog from debris, overheat and stop working.  Having an airtight lid over the sump pump basin will help eliminate some moisture problems in the area surrounding your sump pump.

You need to have a sump pump that will handle pumping the amount of water that you need to remove.  Normally a basement sump pump needs enough power to send the outgoing water up about 8 feet.  Sump pumps with 1/3 HP will pump around 2,200 gallons per hour while  a larger HP pump can handle more.  If your sump pump is too small for the area it will burn out from constant running.

When making your purchase you need to consider how much power you need, how much voltage  your home provides and the length of the cord.  Sump pumps can be purchased for $150 on up.  In addition to the first sump pump it’s a good idea to have a second sump pump installed near the first one to provide insurance that your home will not flood in the event the first pump stops working.  You may want to consider a battery sump pump  as a backups.  These will continue working for up to two days in the event your power goes out.  There are combination packs of sump pumps which contain the primary pump as well as a back up pump.

If you are handy you can install your own sump pump or you can have it installed by your contractor or plumber.