Diabetes And Complications With Teeth

People with diabetes are not able to process sugars and starches effectively and so their blood glucose levels are often too high.  Having high glucose levels in the blood can lead to many health complications. These health complications may affect the kidneys, heart, blood, eyes and even the central nervous system.  People with diabetes need to be extra careful when it comes to taking care of their teeth too.

People who have diabetes do not die from diabetes.  Instead, they die from complications caused when the disease is allowed to get out of control.

Everyone, not just the diabetic, is prone to tooth and gum disease.  There can be any number of reasons for this.  Dental hygiene plays an important role, but heredity also plays an important role.  The diabetic has more of a chance of developing gum and tooth disease than the average person.  When a diabetic allows his blood glucose level to remain high it can have a severe impact on his teeth.  This is especially true for people over age 45.  Many people begin experiencing dental problems at this age.

When someone has high glucose levels he is more prone to infection.  There is an infection that affects both the gums and teeth and this is called periodontitis.  Those suffering from periodontitis often have receding gums and that makes the teeth look larger then they are.  This infection of the gums and bones, if left untreated, may cause someone to lose their teeth.  It is important that anyone with diabetes receives regular dental examinations.

Periodontitis usually starts with a buildup of germs in the teeth which are encourage by the high blood glucose levels.  The high glucose level allows the germs to grow faster than they would in someone without diabetes.  As the germs build up on the teeth and gums the gums begin to get sore and red and swell.  Sometimes the gums will begin to bleed.  If this happens be sure to visit your dentist.

When left untreated the gum disease may lead to periodontitis.  People with diabetes and those with compromised immune disorders are most at risk for acquiring this disease.

If caught early, complications with teeth do not have to cause someone to lose the teeth. A dentist has many procedures he can perform to save the teeth and stave off infection.  A person with diabetes can help reduce teeth complications by following the guidance and advice of their health care professional when it comes to controlling the diabetes.  Become familiar with the Glycemic Index to understand which foods will raise your glucose levels and should be either avoided or extremely limited.  Take any medications or insulin as prescribed.  It is imperative for the diabetic to monitor his glucose level periodically throughout the day.  Keep an accurate record of the readings.  The health care professional will want to see these reading at each visit so he or she will know if your medication needs to be changed.

You can avoid many of the complications associated with this disease by managing your diabetes.   See your health care professional on a regular basis.  See your dentist on a regular basis too and tell the dentist about your condition.  The dentist will help you with a regime that enables you to maintain healthy gums, avoid infection and maintain your teeth.