Diabetes Symptoms 

A diagnosis of diabetes is generally determined by the concentration of glucose in the blood.  When your blood glucose level is too high you are considered to have diabetes.  With diabetes there is not enough insulin to break ingested glucose into cells.  For this reason, the glucose remains in the blood and damages blood vessels.  It can remain in the urine causing more frequent urination and possibly some kidney damage. 

There are basically two main types of diabetes.  There is Type I or Type II Diabetes.  Type I Diabetes usually is diagnosed in children or young adults.  With Type I Diabetes the body does not produce insulin.  Type II Diabetes is usually diagnosed later in life.  With Type II Diabetes the body does not use insulin properly. 

Some signs of diabetes include increased thirst and a desire for fluids, frequent urination and possibly an increased appetite and fatigue.   A person with Type II diabetes may not feel quite right, but cannot figure out what is wrong.  Symptoms of diabetes can mirror other illnesses including the flu.  It is smart to see your medical professional and have yourself checked out if you are experiencing frequent thirst, substantially increased appetite and excessive urination. 

Type I diabetes may cause loss of weight despite increased eating.  People with Type I diabetes may have nausea or abdominal pain. 

Diabetes that is undiagnosed or uncontrolled can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis which is a diabetic coma and is very serious, even life threatening. 

With Type II diabetes there is often a warning.  Many people will develop pre-diabetes which indicates the blood sugar is higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetes.  If you are diagnosed with pre-diabetes you need to take the warning seriously.  You do not want to develop diabetes if you can avoid it. 

Diabetes can lead to other problems including heart attack or stroke, kidney disease sometimes requiring dialysis and other medical issues. 

If you have been diagnosed with diabetes or pre-diabetes you need to follow the instructions of your medical professional.  You need to follow a healthy diet.  Familiarize yourself with the Glycemic Index which indicates which foods are better for someone with diabetes and which foods should be limited or avoided by them. Engage in some form of exercise on a regular basis, even if it is just walking.  If you are overweight or obese talk with your medical professional about a program to help you get to a healthy weight. 

If you feel you have symptoms of diabetes consult with your medical professional as soon as possible.  If you are overweight and you have a family history of diabetes talk with your medical professional.  Have your blood sugar level tested.   

The symptoms of diabetes can be frightening, but the disease can be controlled.  Medical professionals know more about treating diabetes than ever before.  There are multiple effective medications on the market to help keep diabetes under control.  You, the patient, will need to do your part and follow your medical professional’s instructions regarding exercise, diet and medications.