Eye Complications And Diabetes

People suffering with diabetes can be at risk for developing several other health conditions.  A diabetic’s body does not process sugars and starches in the same manner as a non-diabetic person.  Often, the diabetic cannot properly use the sugars and starches they ingest, and this causes a high level of sugar in the blood.

High blood sugar can cause many complications in the body including problems with circulation, the heart, blood vessels, kidneys and even eyesight.  A person with diabetes risks having complications of the eye which may affect the retina, the vitreous, the lens and the optic nerve.

It takes a long time for eye complications to develop as a result of diabetes.  Usually the first damage is to the retina.  The retina is made of tiny blood vessels and too much blood glucose can cause these vessels to swell and then to weaken.  When this happens,  the patient begins to experience vision problems.  Eye complications for a person with diabetes is called diabetic retinopathy.

It is important for the diabetic to have an eye examination every year.  The eyes should be dilated for this examination to determine if any complications with the eye have gotten worse.  A person with diabetes should consult a qualified ophthalmologist who is experienced in treating diabetic retinopathy.

These are some of the signs a diabetic with retina damage may experience:  blurry vision, dark spots in front of the eyes, flashing lights, pain or pressure in the eyes, and trouble with peripheral vision.  If you develop any of these symptoms, and you have been diagnosed with diabetes, make an appointment with your ophthalmologist for a complete eye exam. There is treatment available to help the diabetic prevent further eye damage and there are surgeries available that may allow diabetics to regain the sight in their eyes.

Other eye complications of diabetes include cataracts and glaucoma.  Cataracts are relatively easy to cure.  Glaucoma can be a precursor to blindness and needs to be treated.  This is why it is so important for those suffering with diabetes to manage their disease and why it is so important to seek the assistance of a qualified ophthalmologist.

Eye complications from diabetes may be avoided if the patient is faithful in managing the disease.  Become familiar with the Glycemic Index which rates foods and their effect on blood sugar.  Foods considered high glycemic will have a big impact on blood sugar levels while low glycemic foods will not.

In addition to eating a healthy diet it is essential for the diabetic to participate in regular exercise.  It is very important for the health of the person with diabetic to achieve a desirable weight and then maintain this weight.  Eliminating alcoholic beverages and ceasing to smoke will also contribute to better health for the diabetic.

Many eye complications can be avoided by the diabetic if the patient is compliant with the treatment outlined by their health care professional.  See your health care professional when scheduled.  Take your prescribed medications as directed.   Monitor your blood glucose levels as often as directed by your health care professional.

When you are compliant with instructions, and take care of your diabetes, you can avoid some health problems of the eyes as well as the other health complications associated with this disease.