Facts About Nicotine You Should Know

cigarettes_nicotine_filters_white_8013_1920x1080Nicotine is produced from a tobacco plant which is a member of the nightshade family of plants. Manufacturers extract the nicotine from the plants for their use. Nicotine in small amounts is also found in eggplant, green pepper, tomato and potato plants.

Nicotine is produced by these plants as a form of protection from predators such as grazing animals.

Nicotine is a colorless chemical. When it comes in contact with air it turns brown. Nicotine can be deadly when even a few drops of pure nicotine is placed in your hand. It only takes 30-60 mg of pure nicotine to be fatal.

When you inhale nicotine it can cause chemical reactions to many functions of the body.

Even though smoking in the United States has decreased in recent years nicotine is still one of the most widely used drugs. When you smoke, a single cigarette contains about 10 mg of nicotine. However, you inhale only about 1 milligram of the nicotine. The balance goes up in smoke.

Of course, in a closed space the residue from the cigarette smoke lingers in the room. The nicotine left in the room can deposit itself on anything there including the children’s toys.   A young child can handle the toys with the nicotine residue. Then the child gets it on his hands and then put his hands in his mouth. In this way the child is ingesting nicotine.

For young children 10 milligrams of nicotine can be deadly.

E-cigarettes-more-or-less-effective-than-nicotine-patches-in-studyMothers who smoke will have the nicotine accumulate in their breast milk

and this is ingested by the baby. This may interfere with the baby’s sleep pattern.

A fetus carried by a woman who smokes may receive less nutrients and oxygen then he should since nicotine can cause blood vessels to constrict.

For men who are heavy smokers nicotine can greatly reduce the ability of sperm to fertilize eggs.

Nicotine is a stimulant. Some people find smoking relaxing while others find it gives them more energy.

Nicotine can be absorbed into the body either by ingestion, inhaling or through the skin.

Within 10 seconds nicotine can reach the brain after a single puff.

Dopamine is a neurotransmitter which activates when nicotine reaches the brain and causes feelings of motivation and pleasure.

Nicotine also releases adrenaline when it reaches the brain. This can cause the feeling of a racing heart.
Nicotine may also limit blood to the heart and increase blood pressure.

Nicotine can slow healing when a bone is broken. Nicotine may contribute to spinal disk degeneration.

Nicotine is very highly addictive. It does not stay in the body very long so someone addicted to nicotine needs to keep replacing it. On average the craving comes about every 40 minutes. You can become just as dependent on nicotine as someone who is addicted to heroin or cocaine.

Cigarettes are not the only product containing nicotine. Smokeless tobacco and some electronic cigarettes may contain nicotine as well.